To keep your cat or kitten healthy the most important thing is to make sure your cat/kitten is taken to the vets regularly; for kittens take them when you first get them to ensure they are healthy and disease free, make sure they are vaccinated at 9 and 12 weeks. It is also important that either you or the vet check your kitten/cat for fleas and worms monthly and treat if necessary.
Step 1 : Make sure that you take your cat to the vet regularly for any vaccinations needed, and just a general checkup to see how your kitty is doing.

If you notice anything different with your cat, such as the way they're meowing, walking, eating or acting, and are worried, take your cat to the vet.
Step 2 : Groom your cat regularly.

Grooming is very important. It prevents hairballs, stimulates your cats' blood flow, stops cat hair left when you pat her/him and provides some good bonding time for you and your cat. If your cat has long fur, a pin brush is best for working through long coat. A flat and slicker brush would work better for short fur. A smaller, triangular shaped brush can be used for smaller areas, like around the face and ears. If you want to use a comb, use a wide toothed comb for long fur, and a fine toothed one for short fur. You may want to buy a smaller and more gentle brush for a kitten.
Step 3 : Make sure to feed your cat the right type of food, at the right times, and the right amount.

Choose the best food for your cat. Feed your cat at the same time you eat-so he/she won't be begging you for crumbs. Don't feed huge amounts,just a small bowl will do. If your cat isn't eating well, it may be a disease. Check with your local vet. If your cat is overweight, never, everdrastically drop the food amount,it is not at all good for cats to lose too much weight very quickly. Instead, try going to your vet and buying a special type of food which is high in protein, low in fat, and low in carbohydrate. Try not to feed your cat your food; it'll become a habit. Give your cat water daily. Don't feed your cat milk; cats can't digest it.
Step 4 : Find some time to bond with your cat.

Simply feeding, grooming and taking a cat to the vet won't fulfill their needs. Even ten minutes chasing a rubber ball around the house together is good. You can snuggle up to your kitty with a good book, dangle a toy in front of their nose, or give them a cuddle. Make sure you pet them every now and then,a little love goes a long way.
Step 5 : Provide your cat with a scratching post or a tree they can climb, cats will naturally want to scratch, it's a behavior from when they were wild that allowed them to mark their territory.

Providing acceptable places they are allowed to scratch will save your belongings from cat claw damage. Cats love tall places, so a big, sturdy cat tree will not only provide a place to scratch, but will allow her to climb and enjoy a bird's eye view of her surroundings.
Step 6 : Keep at least one litter box per cat.

Keep boxes clean at all times. Some cats prefer uncovered boxes. Experiment with different types of cat litter, most cats prefer a natural wood-based litter. Many cats dislike the hard texture and perfume and dust of clay-based litters.
Step 7 : Help your cat get exercise.

Some cats, if left to their own devices, will just sit around the house not doing much of anything. Be your cat's personal trainer! Toys are a great incentive to get your cat moving. Try tossing small toys for them to hit and chase. Fishing pole style toys or pocket flashlights let you give your cat a workout even when you're worn out.
Step 8 : Let your cat be a cat.

Like it or not, you cat is going to do certain cat things that may bug you. Your best option is to give your cat a positive outlet for these behaviors. If you cat scratches your furniture, make sure he or she has a great scratching post to use instead. Your cat loves getting on the china shelf to look out the window? Move the china and put in some window side cat furniture. The cat uses the spot behind the chair as a bathroom? Put a litter box there and keep it clean. (You may also want to visit the vet to rule out an underlying medical problem.)
Step 9 : Think very carefully before deciding to let your cat go outdoors.

Contrary to popular belief, cats are not always naturally able to find their way home and even a cat that usually knows its way around can become disoriented if badly frightened. Other risks connected with letting your cat roam outdoors are parasites, serious or fatal illnesses or injuries from other cats or other animals, fights with other animals that can result in serious injury or death, or theft of your cat. Your neighbors may not appreciate having your cat use their yard as a litter box or chasing and killing the birds at their bird baths and feeder. If you feel you must give your cat access to the outdoors, consider giving it run of a fenced in yard or walking it on a harness and leash. (It is possible.)

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